why we can not use railway corridors to generate ‘artificial land’ ,and earn additional revenues?
REDEVLOPMENT OF RAILWAY CORRIDORS IN URBAN AREAS FOR GENERATING ARTIFICIAL LAND IN OLD CITIES
Indian railways have played a significant role in accelerating the process of urbanization. Since independence, cities have grown at an unprecedented rate because of mass migration form rural areas, explosive rate of development of trade and industrialization.
Railways being the major mode of transportation have attracted small and medium scale businesses .service industry and large labor force . Depending on the location and importance of a town, some have become ‘collection and distribution centers. As cities expanded, the railway lines and stations got surrounded by multiple use intense developments exerting adversely on the inter- relationship of various areas and the infrastructure of the city. Today our older cities are characterized by :
1 Disorganised growth of shopping centers, distribution centers, industrial and semi – industrial areas and high density residential area located around railway stations and railway yards.
2. Railway corridor being essentially of lineal natural have becomes major physical barriers between various parts of the city.
3. Deteriorating slum areas, traffic conjunction, obso-late infrastructure and in adequate community facil ities setting in condition of urban blight.
4 Ever increasing demand for additional urban space and higher land values.
5 Enormous amount of underused railway land encouraging unauthorised squatting dumping and social evils.
Although the problems of railway corridors in urban areas is,it needs to be considered as one of the “ National Problems” because of the rapid rate of urbanization and techno – economic change in our country. It has already become alarmingly apparent in large cities like Calcutta, Bombay and Delhi and is fast taking over smaller cities like Kanpur , Ludhiana, Agra or Ahmedabad.
In future with the introduction of mass transit system and the electrification of railways in urban areas, there seems to be a “great potential “ of utilizing the AIR RIGHTS above and at times below the railway tracks for the benefit of both
the city by providing immediate rehabilitation areas and reorganising transportation structure in a three dimensionally integrated manner
-and the Indian railway by providing much needed additional revenues, office spaces , transient passenger accommodation, trading areas and staff housing.
Similar redevelopment projects have been success fully carried out in U.S.A (PENN center and Market Street in philadephia, Grand Central , Madison Square Gardens and West in New York etc.U.K( Birmingham redevelopment and various projects taken by GLCC for London), Canada (Project buena-ventura in Montreal, Shin juku – railway station in Tokyo , and Osaka or Kyoto station in Japan . Shinjuku or Takashimara stations in Tokyo and proposed railway terminal in Skopje,Yugoslavia are successful example of utilizing railway corridors as binders rather than barriers in a city Several of these projects are being developed under the World Bank and AID programs for financing urban redevelopment.
As a specific case study , this project intends to examine the North- South railway corridor between Connaught place and Tis Hazari in Delhi . The area is characterized by :
1. Blighted commercial areas like Amrit kaur market (in – front of New Delhi railway station), Qutab Road stalls, Sadar bazaar wholesale market, Teliwarea, Naya Bazar, Shardhanand Bazar and kamala Market.
2 Traffic conjestion on Qutab Road, Sadar Bazar brige, bridge connecting novelty cinema, Zorawarsingh marg. ( in front of Tis Hazari courts), Naya bazaar, Sharadhanad Marg and Ajmeri gate intersection.
3. Under – used railway property- single storyed and double storeyed staff houses and offices on Chelmsford road . Similar land around connaught place is being used for intensive commercial development –400 FA R
4 Railway corridor between New Delhi Railway station and Sadar Bazar is physical barrier dividing a major the old city
5. There is tremendous demand for additional urban space in this Area, which can be economically provided above the railway tracks on either side of Sadar bazar bridge
that is a good idea.
Pau Gasol to the Lakers?
Since there have been ongoing speculations about Gasol being traded, here’s my trade proposal for the Lakers:
Now here’s why I believe it could work:
Gasol and Odom have a pretty similar contract, but a straight up trade would never happen since Gasol is considered a far better player. However, Memphis might be willing to trade Gasol if Brian Cardinal is added to the deal considering that he has several years left on that awful contract. You throw in two young players (Vujacic & Turiaf) who could contribute to the team immediately and if not, they’re gone after this season and they would be free to go out and sign whoever they want. Additionally, although Lamar has struggled somewhat during his time with the Lakers, I think he could be successful in a system such as the Grizzlies’ that will allow him to do what he’s best at – running the floor.
Anyone have any thoughts?
Far too one sided, gasol is an allstar and if im the grizz i shop him around for picks
Looking for a bit of help on AP US History?
I have a few questions that I am undecided about. I’ve managed to narrow down most of them, so I will only offer those choices that I have not already eradicated.
1) By 1828 John C. Calhoun was
a. an avowed secessionist
b. an out-and-out sectionist
2) One result of the Peggy O’Neal Eaton affair was
a. a serious breach between Jackson and Calhoun
b. the resignation of the Kitchen Cabinet
3) The foreign policy of President J. Q. Adams
a. was conspicuously successful
b. opened trade with the British West Indies
4) President Van Buren is best remembered for
a. establishing the independent treasury system
b. causing a panic
5) Federal internal improvements in the 1820’s and 1830’s were most consistently shackled by
a. followers of Henry Clay
b. self-centered Westerners
c. lack of federal funds
I have answers that I have already chosen, but I want to avoid any hindsight bias. =P
Thanks for your help!
1.) a. A secessionist.
2.) a. A serious breach between Jackson and Calhoun, helping to bring Martin Van Buren to power.
3.) was very successful. He was also one of the people to make up the Munroe Doctrine.
4.) causing a panic. He was also known for the Trail of Tears,(expulsion of the Cherokees from the South)
5.) Henry Clay HELPED the federal government.
The answer would likely be States’-righters, as slavery states were trying to expand north.
need help for history can any one help me answer thees questions?
Question 1 4 points Save
Prior to the “democratizing” of politics during the age of Jackson, presidential candidates were usually chosen by a
national electoral commission.
series of state conventions.
Question 2 4 points Save
During John Quincy Adams’ presidency, the politician who prepared for the next election by relying on his military reputation and portraying himself as losing the presidency in 1824 due to the “corrupt bargain” was
William Harris Crawford.
William Henry Harrison.
John C. Calhoun.
Question 3 4 points Save
The basic concept underlying the “spoils system” was that
candidates must campaign viciously to “spoil” the chances of their opponents.
party workers must be rewarded with political office after a successful campaign.
there was no need to take into account the wishes of the average voter.
aristocrats had a natural right to govern and spoil the country.
government positions should not be “spoiled” by turning them into political plums.
Question 4 4 points Save
Jackson’s popularity and success were primarily the result of his
expert knowledge of the issues.
genius as an administrator.
personality and leadership.
refusal to challenge Congress in any way.
open-mindedness to all sides of a question.
Question 5 4 points Save
The 1830 debate between Senators Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne focused on
the doctrine of states’ rights as opposed to national power.
the constitutionality of the Second Bank of the United States.
the “corrupt bargain” during the election of 1824.
Webster’s handling of foreign affairs.
Jackson’s policy of Indian removal.
Question 6 4 points Save
Other than Jackson’s personal popularity, the main campaign issue in the presidential election of 1832 was
Jackson’s Indian removal policy.
the spoils system.
Jackson’s handling of foreign affairs.
the Bank of the United States.
Question 7 4 points Save
The Senator who pushed for renewal of the Bank of the United States charter in 1832 to provide himself a campaign issue against Jackson was
John C. Calhoun.
Martin Van Buren.
William Henry Harrison.
Question 8 4 points Save
The conflict between Jackson and Calhoun was sharpened by their strong disagreement over the
Peggy Eaton controversy.
Second National Bank.
powers of Congress.
Question 9 4 points Save
The Southern political thinker who most prominently justified Southern resistance to the Tariff of 1828 was
John C. Calhoun.
Question 10 4 points Save
During 1835 and 1836, as a result of the creation of the “pet” banks,
economic stability and prosperity resumed.
the money supply shrank dramatically and plunged the country into a depression.
the Bank of the United States retained all government deposits.
the money supply increased rapidly and fueled wild speculation in land.
most state banks made it harder to get loans.
Question 11 4 points Save
An underlying principle commonly agreed upon by Jacksonians was
increased government regulation of the economy.
respect for professional experts in government.
elimination of slavery and the slave trade.
suspicion of special privileges and large business corporations.
continued property qualifications for voting.
Question 12 4 points Save
The new political coalition which emerged to challenge Democratic control in the 1830s was called the
Bull Moose Party.
Young America Movement.
Question 13 4 points Save
The staunch states’ rights advocate who became president when William Henry Harrison died was
Martin Van Buren.
James K. Polk.
Question 14 4 points Save
The leader of the Texas independence movement and first president of the Republic of Texas was
Stephen F. Austin.
William B. Travis.
Question 15 4 points Save
Both Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren
If I answer all 15 questions I doubt you can give me 60 points, so I won’t.
I can answer question 15 though. Andrew Jackson, despite being named old hickory, suffered from chronic headaches and ill health. I presume you meant unwell instead of unwill.
Don’t know about Van Buren, presumably he had good health.
Is listening to Republicans hazardous to your health?
Republicans warned parents to keep their young kids away from public schools so they wouldn’t be “indoctrinated into socialism.” However this just prevents kids from learning the basic skills necessary to survive in the world.
As this child gets older Republicans will tell them to stay away from “liberal colleges & universities.” Yet a person with a college degree will earn an average of $1 million more in their lifetime than a person with no degree.
As an adult this person will hear Republicans fight against Cap & Trade which, if successful, means the air he breathes will be more polluted, leading to health problems.
Finally as an elderly man this person will live in the world’s 37th ranked healthcare system because Republicans fought against reform.
So – is listening to Republicans hazardous to your health?
Do not forget, pregnancy and syphilis rates rose under the rule of Bush the second. Http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jul/20/bush-teen-pregnancy-cdc-report So I would argue yes.
I do not understand why so many Americans have fallen for lies about healthcare in the USA, abroad and also the planned reforms . I mean, if the healthcare system in the USA is so good, why have no other nations taken it up? Could it be due to the following facts?
FACT – the USA spends more on healthcare PER PERSON than any other nation on the planet .
FACT – the US has higher death rates for kids under five than western European countries with universal health coverage .
Or if the US healthcare system is run so well, why not run the fire service like the healthcare system? 
Maybe that is because in the USA, insurance companies push up costs, buy politicians and refuse to pay claims that people pay for . (Look up Wendell Potter on YouTube to hear more if the link below is too long.)
Obama wants to make insurance cheaper, stop insurance companies from refusing health coverage to those with pre-existing conditions, and make sure they pay out when they are meant to , a system similar to that which works in Taiwan . He debated this before he was elected .
Is it right that a dead American four year old would have had a better chance of life if they were born in Canada, Cuba, Germany and so many other industrialised nations with universal healthcare?
If you think my arguments are wrong, e-mail me with proof. But if you can not, let Obama try to help America. If he fails, vote him out in 2012.
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