Isn’t this disturbing?
CIA estimated in 1980s that the budget of Soviet propaganda abroad was between 3.5-4.0 billion dollars.
Propaganda abroad was partly conducted by Soviet intelligence agencies. GRU alone spent more than $1 billion for propaganda and peace movements against Vietnam War, which was a “hugely successful campaign and well worth the cost”, according to GRU defector Stanislav Lunev . He claimed that “the GRU and the KGB helped to fund just about every antiwar movement and organization in America and abroad”.  According to Oleg Kalugin, “the Soviet intelligence was really unparalleled. … The KGB programs — which would run all sorts of congresses, peace congresses, youth congresses, festivals, women’s movements, trade union movements, campaigns against U.S. missiles in Europe, campaigns against neutron weapons, allegations that AIDS … was invented by the CIA … all sorts of forgeries and faked material — [were] targeted at politicians, the academic community, at the public at large.” 
Soviet-run movements pretended to have little or no ties with the USSR, often seen as noncommunist (or allied to such groups), but in fact were controlled by USSR. Most members and supporters, called “useful idiots” by Lenin, did not realize the fact that they were unwilling instruments of Soviet propaganda. The organizations aimed at convincing well-meaning but naive Westerners to support Soviet overt or covert goals. A witness in a US congressional hearing on Soviet cover activity described the goals of such organizations as the: “spread Soviet propaganda themes and create false impression of public support for the foreign policies of Soviet Union.”
Much of the activity of the Soviet-run peace movements was supervised by the World Peace Council. Other important front organizations included the World Federation of Trade Unions, the World Federation of Democratic Youth, and the International Union of Students. Somewhat less important front organizations included: Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organization, Christian Peace Conference, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, International Federation of Resistance Movements, International Institute for Peace, International Organization of Journalists, Women’s International Democratic Federation and World Federation of Scientific Workers. There were also numerous smaller organizations, affiliated with the above fronts.
Those organizations received (total) more than 100 million dollars from USSR every year.
Propaganda against the United States included the following actions :
Promotion of false John F. Kennedy assassination theories, allegedly using writer Mark Lane.
Discrediting the CIA, using historian Philip Agee (codenamed PONT).
Spreading rumors that FBI director J. Edgar Hoover was a homosexual.
Attempts to discredit Martin Luther King, Jr. by placing publications portraying him as an “Uncle Tom” who was secretly receiving government subsidies.
Stirring up racial tensions in the United States by mailing bogus letters from the Ku Klux Klan, placing an exposive package in “the Negro section of New York” (operation PANDORA), and spreading conspiracy theories that Martin Luther King, Jr.’s assassination had been planned by the US government.
Fabrication of the story that AIDS virus was manufactured by US scientists at Fort Detrick; the story was spread by Russian-born biologist Jakob Segal
India’s first PM Jawaharlal Nehru was also a blind and gullible worshiper of the Soviet idea. He was known to stubbornly defend every issue remotly contacted with communism. When the Chinese attacked India he kept back the forces till eleventh hour, as per Soviet guidence, believing “a socialist state will never initiate a war”
Now, I know sometimes Wikipedia is a little innaccurate, but if this is true, what does that say about all the peace movements and such of the 1960’s and 70’s and such?
The very idea that all those well-meaning bubbleheads were being directed by soviets is highly disturbing to me….
Yes but see history.
Below is my ESL writing essay. Could anyone give me some advises? Thank you.?
Third, there is no matter a person does not know how to read and write, he is not uneducated if he realizes responsible. People always take the person’s kind for granted, and ask everything for fair play. I recall the story about Dr. Benjamin Carson was growing up in a poor family. His mother was just a very little formal education woman but she had much enough knowledge about responsible and taught her kids using her rules. She let her children understood that nothing is for granted. Everything what you need you have to make an effort. Even though she did not have many schools, she was a successful mother, and also made her son to become a doctor. (There Is No Job More Important Than Parenting) We need to be brave to apologize and correct our mistakes. In addition, we are able to accept people’s comments, receive them and transfer disappointment or frustration as a challenge.
An educated person may not have high education but he also can build his education from his work and the social life. In the past attending to school was not affordable for every family, but also many people acted educated. Formal education is important for this century; nevertheless it is not the only way to be educated. According to the article, ‘Is Formal Education Needed to Become Successful?’ stated. There are many people know what they want to be and expect what their lives they need. They choose to cautious their school in other to achieve their drams. There is good to realize in the beginning of their lives. On the other hand, attending to the college is not the only way to be success. There are other many areas of your choice. Trade professionals can learn through practical training, professional soldiers do not need a degree, small business owners often have no formal education, but very successful, and even some lawyers never step foot into law school.(Tucker) Therefore a person who is polite, merciful and being responsible is definitely an educated.
I have rewritten this passage for you in good English.
To be educated, it does not matter whether a person knows how to read and write or not. He is not uneducated if he understands his responsibilities. People always take this kind of person for granted. I recall the story about Dr. Benjamin Carson who grew up in a poor family. His mother had very little formal education but she knew how to be responsible and taught her children using her own rules. She taught her children to take nothing for granted. You must work for what you want. Even though she did not have much schooling, she was a successful mother, and also helped her son to become a doctor. (There Is no job more important than parenting.) We need to be brave to apologize and correct our mistakes. In addition, we must be able to accept people’s comments, overcome our disappointment and see the correction of our mistakes as a challenge.
An educated person may not necessarily have a high level of formal education. Nevertheless, he can educate himself through his work and his social life. In the past not every family could afford to send their children to school, but, despite this, many people behaved in an educated manner. In this century, formal education is vital; nevertheless it is not the only way to be educated. According to the article, ‘Is Formal Education Needed to Become Successful?’, many people know what they want to be and know what they need to do. They work hard at school in order to achieve their dreams. It is good to have this realisation at the beginning of their lives. On the other hand, attending college is not the only way to be successful. There are many other pathways and choices. Trade professionals can learn through practical training, professional soldiers do not need a degree, small business owners often have no formal education, but are very successful, and even some lawyers never set foot into law school. Therefore a person who is polite, merciful and responsible is definitely an educated person.
Conservatives, do you believe conservative politicians when they claim to oppose government spending?
“Your efforts to stabilize prices through direct government purchasing of pork and dairy products are very much welcomed by the producers in Minnesota, and I would encourage you to take any additional steps necessary to prevent further deterioration of these critical industries, such as making additional commodity purchases and working to expand trade outlets for these and other agricultural goods,” -Michelle Bachmann, letter to Sec. of Ag. Tom Vilsack
“This port project, we knew it was going to be vital to bringing jobs, hundreds of new jobs to this area,” said Fincher. “We just wanted to make sure that we could do everything possible to create jobs, and this was a part we could play and I did everything I could and we were successful. I’ve got a great staff and a great group of folks who helped me and I can’t say enough about them.” – Congressman Stephen Fincher (R-Tenn), praising the Department of Transportation’s grant of 13 million for the port project
“This runway is long awaited and much anticipated,” West said. “At this crucial time for our economy, it is imperative that we encourage this kind of development, which will bring thousands of jobs with it and boost tourism – South Florida’s number one economic engine.” Allan West, on his successful federal grant application for federal funds for the runway
Seems they love federal spending, as long as it personally benefits their re-election. What a principled bunch they are.
@phil: progressive democrats prefer to balance the budge by letting the Bush tax cuts expire, and by ending the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan (http://cpc.grijalva.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=70) . After all, balancing the budget is the goal, not just spending cuts for their own sake, right?
But President Obama has called for spending cuts, much to the displeasure of said progressives.
Don’t believe any party, they all lie.
Anyone willing to revise this short essay for me?
Thank you very much.
Leopold II was born in Brussels on April 9th, 1835. His Father, Leopold I, was the first king of the Belgians. In 1846 he became Duke of Brabant and was soon after allotted the position of sub-lieutenant and moved his way up to lieutenant general by his accession of the throne in 1865. To some, his reign symbolizes a time of great expansion and urbanization for Belgium. To others, he epitomizes murder and cruelty. Although many people are oblivious to the terror that was committed by Leopold, it is hard to imagine such a thing could ever be forgotten.
By the 1860s Leopold had become “one of the most widely traveled of the European monarchs, spending most of the first half of the 1860s abroad.” This travel ignited his passion for colonialism. He was able to see the wealth and power other countries had gleaned from becoming successful colonial cornerstones. He begged Belgium to “imitate your neighbors; extend beyond the sea whenever an opportunity is offered. You will there find precious outlets for your products, food for your commerce, … and a still better position in the great European family.” But, he did not yet have the supremacy to execute his wishes. At the young age of 30, he succeeded his father, and became King of Belgium. Although this still did not equip him with authority needed to execute any type of colonialism, for the crown of Belgium is under the rule of a constitution. Parliament refused to listen even though Leopold petitioned for over twenty years.
In 1876, he finally took action and developed the Association Internationale Africaine. This was an institution whose supposed goal was to embrace and facilitate humanitarian efforts in Africa. Leopold hired Henry Stanley, a man who has had much experience with Africa, to “establish Belgian sovereignty along the river’s south bank and monopoly control over the Congo rubber and ivory trade.” This action eventually led to the establishment of the Congo Free State. Leopold controlled this corporate state and utilized it for its good of copper, ivory, and rubber. There were over 30 million Congolese people under Leopold’s rule and the land area was over seventy times larger than Belgium.
Although the Congo Free State was economically successful and beneficial for Belgium, the Congolese reaped none of these rewards. The natives were forced to work, no matter their gender or age. “Congo Free State was subject to a terror regime, including atrocities such as mass killings and maimings which were used to subjugate the indigenous tribes of the Congo region and to procure slave labor.” Leopold was willing to take any action to amplify productivity. He went as far as creating a military system all his own that patrolled the Congo. This army exercised cruel actions against the native laborers. Essentially, the only function that Leopold’s army served was to intimidate the natives with violent actions. In fact, to prove to the officers of these armies that the task was well executed, soldiers were required to cut off the hands of the dead laborers as a trophy.
As time went by, the public slowly starting becoming aware of the sheer brutality and merciless cruelty taking place in the Congo Free State. Leopold did everything in his power to keep these truths hidden from the rest of the world, even after some information was leaked. In 1902 a former steamer captain published the book Heart of Darkness which was a story symbolizing the heartless acts of Leopold and his army. This, along with other investigative reports and eyewitness leaks, led to the Europe and the Western world being informed of the cruelty of Leopold.
Other nations soon felt compelled to take action. Although it took years for any real change to occur, Leopold was finally forced to remove himself from the Congo in 1908. He passed soon after in 1909. Records show that nearly fifteen million Congolese people were viciously murdered during the time of Leopold’s ownership. When one observes the condition of the now Democratic Republic of Congo, it can certainly be seen that Leopold’s reign of terror resonates through time. With a volatile government, and constant violence, it is impossible to see a settled Democratic Republic of Congo anywhere in the near future.
Great short essay, and good to see you recognise the truth in it, my family, unfortunately, have association with this issue as Belgium’s living there.
Anyway, in reaction to your essay, two points I picked up on
1 – instead of “for it’s good of copper etc..” it should be for its’ supply of…
2 – in any essay, you must give reference for any quotations for ex.. “Congo Free State was subject to a terror regime etc..” you must reference this in ( ) by author, date and page, otherwise it is plagiarism. You MUST ALWAYS give author credit when you use their words in your work.
Hope you get a good grade 🙂
Why don’t they teach about Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser when they teach Black History?
Nat Turner led the largest and most successful slave revolt in history. He and his men slaughtered several slave owners and freed their slaves by force. Should he be viewed as a hero or a villain? Your answer will be different depending on how you view slavery. Regardless of that, however, don’t you think the story should be told? They force our children to learn about the complete subjugation of the Africans brought to this country during the slave trade and they never mention the fact that there were several uprisings that almost led to full scale wars, especially in places like Virginia and West Virginia. Not all Blacks accepted slavery. There were those in places like Jamaica, Haiti, the Carribean and even parts of South America that rose up and successfully conquered their oppressors. The Haitians baffled Napoleon’s troops. Why do they leave out that part of the story?????
The invention of the stop light is much more interesting. Besides, if they start teaching about slave rebellions in the schools, then people would insist that we teach our children the truth about other things, like genocide against the Native Americans or labor history. People might then learn that Thomas Jefferson said there should be a revolution every 20 years, or they might find out that Iraq wasn’t the first time in American history that we started a war.
And then people might throw more than shoes.
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