What kind of paper is an antique Freemason certificate made of?
An incredible piece of my family’s history was recently handed to me and in lieu of the research I was doing at the time. I found it rather mind blowing that it was just given to me because my relative simply thought I would think it was neat and they didn’t want it, well that was an understatement….ANYWAYS…
It’s ‘His'(the mason’s) folded leather case w/ his name stamped on and the letters of the name are filled in with a gold gilding. Underneath his name it reads ‘LODGE NEPTUNE, 419, S.C.’ in the same gilded style of stamping. The contents contain the following: -His hand written receipt for admission and membership to the society(for the sum of 4 pounds 4 shillings in 1910) -His Initiation certificate for the ‘GRAND LODGE of Free and Accepted Mason’s of SCOTLAND’. -A hand written letter in regards to “…the occasion of his leaving Glasgow for Canada” in 1912( It only states that it’s for a ‘Programme’ on the letter, I later found out his reason for being sent was to help start the Eaton’s fur trade In Manitoba) -The ‘BYE-LAWS’ booklet ‘of the NEPTUNE LODGE’ for 1908. -‘THE SCOTTISH MASONIC HISTORICAL DIRECTORY'(booklets) for 1917 & 1919. -The certificate that admits him as a ‘MARK MASTER’ (a 4th degree mason,at least he made it out of the ‘Blue’ degrees[1-3])
Asides from the type of thick satin like paper I’ve heard could’ve been made out of lambskin or bladder, but not quite sure? These items are priceless to me, but I’m still curious if they have any other ‘value’ to them?
I’ve recently heard I’m not supposed to even have these items so they’ve been put in a very safe place.
The value they hold will be worth more to you than any monetary value you could sell these items for. They are relatively common although seeing as you have all of the supporting documents and you know the history these things as a lot would be worth more than your run of the mill Masonic lot.
Just as a side note, there is no “Making it out of the Blue degrees” the 3rd is the “highest” degree in Freemasonry while the others (up to and including the 33rd) are side degrees, they supplement the Blue degrees, they don’t out rank it.
Did commerce have anything to do with money right after the american revolution?
Okay this may sound like a stupid question because commerce is basically trade, but i need to know this because im writing an FRQ (free response question) for APUSH (ap us history). im writing about the articles of confederations effect on economic regulations and im wondering if commerce is a topic i could throw into that paragraph without it sounding too out of place especially because i plan on talking about it again later in the paper when i talk about foreign relations.
thanks for you help!!
Yes, right after the American Revolution, the former colonies were not that equal. Each state had its own form of currency for a while until one unique currency was made for the nation.
Advertising Help… I have an ad “tea party” type cafe that mostly caters to women. How can I attract men?
the cafe serves sandwiches, pastries, tea, wine, and beer, it’s sort of like (if your familiar) The La Bou cafe. Now we have a small advertising paper (very small) and don’t have access to an ad firm that we can send it too, and I myself am a graphic designer by trade but graphics aren’t the same as designing ads, to attract a specific demographic. So what can I do, I need some kind of advice… preferably cheap or free.
You could try http://www.esnoozer.com
I’ve had a lot of luck with them!
Explain how the Gulf War was?
the first stop in the struggle to create a world based on democracy and global free trade.
*I am working on a history paper and would love others point of view, feelings, perspectives and information to add. Anything you know or have to say would be more than helpful and greatly appreciated.
I really thank you for your time and help!!
The first Gulf war happened when Saddam Hussein of Iraq invaded Kuwait for its oil fields. They refused a UN resolution to leave. The USA lead a coalition of countries to invade Iraq and force them out of Kuwait. After making a build up of forces, the USA lead an attack. First removing Iraq’s airpower and attacking command and control/communications sites in Baghdad. Then bombing the Iraqi army. It was notable for the first use of large numbers of smart bombs.
The USA marines were positioned offshore ready to invade Kuwait.
Finally, the USA made a ground attack WEST of Kuwait, doing an end run around the main line of Iraqi defense. They went through the Iraqi ground forces like a knive through butter, while air power hammered those Iraqi’s near and in Kuwait. Then they also pushed into and through Kuwait, while most Iraqi soldiers either surrendered or ran away.
Once Kuwait was freed and the Iraqi army greatly reduced, President Bush (the first) called off the attack, then withdrew.
Why is Senator Obama prepared to hurt the American poor?
The Financial Page
The Free-Trade Paradox
by James Surowiecki
May 26, 2008
…when it comes to free trade, which both Obama and Clinton have lambasted over the past few months. At times, the campaign has looked like a contest over who hates free trade more: Obama has argued that free-trade agreements like NAFTA are bought and paid for by special interests, while Clinton has emphasized the need to “stand up” to countries like China. Two weeks ago, both senators signed on as sponsors of a new bill that would effectively impose higher tariffs on China if it doesn’t revalue its currency.
…free trade with poorer countries has a huge positive impact on the buying power of middle- and lower-income consumers—a much bigger impact than it does on the buying power of wealthier consumers. The less you make, the bigger the percentage of your spending that goes to manufactured goods—clothes, shoes, and the like—whose prices are often directly affected by free trade. The wealthier you are, the more you tend to spend on services—education, leisure, and so on—that are less subject to competition from abroad. In a recent paper on the effect of trade with China, the University of Chicago economists Christian Broda and John Romalis estimate that poor Americans devote around forty per cent more of their spending to “non-durable goods” than rich Americans do. That means that lower-income Americans get a much bigger benefit from the lower prices that trade with China has brought.
If you would read what Clinton and Obama said you would know that they are going to revamp NAFTA. Make it so Business won’t leave so jobs will be save. Now on the other hand McCain is all for NAFTA and the way it stand today.
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